So this new energy, renewable energy, alternative energy buzz gaining massive ground in Nigeria has a very often neglected counterpart to it. Her name is Energy Efficiency.
As we move from the traditional grid power to solar and other renewable energy forms, the need for more efficient use of these new sources of energy becomes more glaring. Energy efficiency simply put, means using less amount of energy to deliver the same level of output. This means identifying and implementing means to reduce overall energy requirements and subsequently, reducing the amount you spend on power. The top 5 methods to achieve energy efficiency at home include:
- Use of energy efficient lighting only; from LED bulbs, LED fittings, LED floodlights and solar street lights, etc
- Incorporating only pure copper wires/cables in the home electrical framework; because copper provides the least resistance to flow of electricity, hence requires less energy.
- Use of at least a layer of thermal insulation in the roof structure to reduce heat absorption as well as reduce time and cost of cooling.
- Use of energy efficient appliances from low power refrigerators, TV sets, air conditioning, etc
- Adopting energy management devices like automatic lighting, building automation, smart metering, etc
The benefits of an energy efficient building are immediate as well as long term. Benefits like:
- Improved indoor comfort.
- Up to 80% savings on energy bills.
- Reduce spending on prepaid meter units.
- Reduced cost of going solar.
- Moisture control and subsequently preserving of building life (no mold, leaks, condensation issues)
- Reduce fossil fuel use and greenhouse gas emissions. Good for the environment
An energy efficient lifestyle is not a one-off thing, just requires the commitment to follow through and a plan. Homes which adopt this lifestyle early enough will be ahead of the pack as countries and energy regulatory bodies begin enforce policies towards cleaner energy for all.