It is often said that the industrial growth and development of a nation is directly proportional to the energy resources at its disposal and the extent to which that energy is used. These energy resources play a vital role in any economy and are regarded as one of the most important assets of any nation. Nigeria the most populous country in Africa, is abundantly endowed with these energy technologies, and is said to have the second largest off-grid energy market in the world .
However, with the abundance of conventional & non-conventional energy sources, around 77 million Nigerians still lack access to electricity in the country . This is as a result of the over-dependence of the energy sector on petroleum, which slowed the development of alternative fuels. With the demand for electricity constantly on the rise, the Government has recognized the important role Renewable energy (RE) technologies would play in overcoming our present energy crisis. Efforts are being made to promote RE in the country through development of various energy reforms, policies and legislations to ensure the country taps into its potential.
Status overview & Prospects
Hydropower has been the basis of grid-powered generation in Nigeria for many years. An estimated 15% of the current power generation sources in the country are hydro based. Nigeria is blessed with lots of small rivers and a few natural falls, which are potential sites for unexploited hydropower with an estimated capacity of 3,500 MW. Our exploitable large hydropower potential is also estimated to be about 11,250 MW, but only 17% percent of this being used .
Renewable Energy sources (African-EU Energy Partnership)
Nigeria has an enormous solar energy potential, with fairly distributed solar radiation around 12.6 MJ/m2/day in the southern part and 25.2MJ/m2/day in far north close to the Sahara with a mean generation capacity factor of 27%. With average sunshine hours of 6h/day, the production efficiency of energy systems, for Ilorin and Maiduguri are estimated to be 25.85% and 28.67% respectively .
Solar Irradiation in Nigeria
For wind energy, there is a potential for its production in coastal regions of the country and parts of the north, with annual average speeds of about 2.0 m/s and 4.0 m/s (at heights) respectively . In Katsina State, a pilot wind farm consisting of 37 GEV MP 275-kW, is currently being constructed, and would be fully operational upon completion.
Wind Potential in Nigeria
What to note
The global demand for electricity worldwide is expected to increase over the years, and fast-growing energy sources are expected to help meet this demand. In Nigeria, the growing population and new access to these energy sources is expected to revamp energy usage, thereby increasing the demand for energy in the country.
EnergyMall Nigeria intends to meet all of these demands by providing clean, renewable and efficient energy solutions to Businesses, Industries, Homes and Municipalities in Nigeria and Africa at large.
Renewable energy capacity levels for 2021 are expected to be better than 2020. More so, all RE projects suspended due to pandemic are expected to resume this year. The IEA forecasts that electricity generation is expected to grow by almost 6%, expanding the share of renewables in the power mix to 29% from 28% in 2020 .
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- https://m.guardian.ng/energy/nigeria-is-second largest-off-grid-market-globally/